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  • 首頁>古建風采>園林展示>詳情
    藝術丨羅布林卡 拉薩的頤和園
    2018-09-06 11:16:51 來源:古建中國  作者:佚名  責任編輯:王艷

    滾奔流的拉薩河畔,有一座林木參天,花團錦簇的園林,這就是喇嘛的夏宮——羅布林卡。世界遺產委員會評價:建造于公元18世紀羅布林卡,是喇嘛的夏宮,是西藏藝術的杰作。

    藝術丨羅布林卡 拉薩的頤和園

    羅布林卡

      羅布林卡意為寶貝園林。位于拉薩西郊,始建于十八世紀40年代,是歷代喇嘛消夏理政的地方,是一座典型的藏式風格園林。

      經過二百多年的擴建,全園占地36萬平方米,園內有植物100余種,不僅有拉薩地區常見花木,而且有取自喜馬拉雅山南北麓的奇花異草,還有從內地移植或從國外引進的名貴花卉,堪稱高原植物園。建筑以格桑頗章、金色頗章、達登明久頗章為主體,有房374間,是西藏人造園林中規模最大、風景最佳的、古跡最多的園林。

    藝術丨羅布林卡 拉薩的頤和園

    卡布林卡建筑

      園內古木參天,廳臺殿宇錯落掩映,集中體現了藏民族園林建筑、繪畫、雕塑等方面的藝術成就。布局吸收了內地園林建筑的特點,花草樹木多達百余種。

      在建筑造型上,吸收了漢民族坡面屋頂的歇山、攢尖等形式,但整個園林的氣氛仍然表現出濃郁的藏式園林建筑風格。羅布林卡集雕塑藝術、園林藝術和古建藝術為一體,其濃郁的民族風格和豐富的文物,使之在西藏占有重要的地位。

      踏上新宮的臺階,朱紅的宮門兩邊,掛有一對一米長的黑色虎皮鞭,它是威嚴的象征,也是無文的告示,表示未經許可,不得進入。現在整個羅布林卡已成為人民的公園,這對虎皮鞭,也就成了歷史舊物。

    藝術丨羅布林卡 拉薩的頤和園

    園林建筑一處

      在新宮外有49種蒼松翠柏,掩映著60多種各色香花。踏著如茵的草坪,繞過噴水池,登上亭閣,走過戲臺,最后在花香四溢的石櫈上坐下,聽同一石桌上喝青稞酒的藏族同胞講述喇嘛的故事。

      其中的動物園幾乎和羅布林卡的歷史一樣悠久,是世界上海拔最高的動物園,也是歷史最悠久的動物園之一。曾展出雪豹、獅、虎、黑熊、猞猁、藏獒、雙峰駝、孔雀等三十多種珍奇動物。有人戲稱羅布林卡是“由一座水塔、兩排工藝品商店、以及圍繞著動物園的幾座宮殿”組成的。

      在這座曾經的喇嘛的夏宮里,一草一木都由光陰滋養而成,一磚一瓦都述說久遠的故事。今日的羅布林卡雖已將曾經的王朝解構,但作為西 藏最大的人造園林,羅布林卡以其精美的建筑,優雅的環境,繼續締造著屬于自己的神話。

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