• <blockquote id="a6osq"></blockquote>
    <samp id="a6osq"></samp>
  • <xmp id="a6osq">
  • <label id="a6osq"><sup id="a6osq"></sup></label>
  • <samp id="a6osq"></samp>
  • 首頁>古建風采>園林展示>詳情
    園林 | 園林的基本類型有哪些?
    2018-08-30 16:18:42 來源:古建中國  作者:佚名  責任編輯:王艷

      按園林的基址選擇和開放方式劃分:

      人工山水園、天然山水園  

      1、人工山水園

      人工山水園是在平地上開鑿水體、堆筑假山,人為地創設山水地貌,配以花木栽植和建筑營構,把天然山水風景縮移模擬在一個小范圍之內。這類園林多修建在平坦地段上,尤以城鎮內居多。“城鎮山林”園林的四要素——建筑、山石、水體、植物全是出于人工,因此造園所受的客觀制約條件少、人的創造性可以最大限度發揮。人工山水園是最能代表中國古典園林藝術成就的一個類型。

    園林

      典型代表:頤和園

      2、天然山水園

      天然山水園一般建在城鎮近郊或遠郊的山野風景地帶,全部或部分以天然山水植被為建園基址,對基址的原始地貌因勢利導做適當調整、改造、加工,適當配以植物栽培和建筑營構,一般包括山水園、山地園和水景園等。興造天然山水園的關鍵在于選擇基址,如果選址恰當,則能以少量的花費而獲得遠勝于人工山水園的天然風景之真趣。

      典型代表:泰山、黃山

      2按從屬關系劃分:

      皇家園林、私家園林、寺觀園林

      這三大類型是中國古典園林的主體、造園活動的主流、園林藝術的精華薈萃。此外,還有一些非主體亦非主流的園林,如祠堂園林、書院園林、會館園林以及茶樓酒肆的附屬園林等。另外,陵園、壇廟、風景名勝區等外似園林,因其特殊含義而不歸屬園林范疇。

      1、皇家園林:苑、苑囿、宮苑、御苑、御園

      屬于皇帝個人和皇室所有,是專供帝王休息享樂的園林。皇家園林按使用情況的不同分為大內御苑、行宮御苑、離宮御苑三種類型。

      (1)大內御苑:即皇帝的宅園,建置在皇城和宮城之內,緊鄰皇居或距皇居很近,便于皇帝日常臨幸游憩。

    園林

      典型代表:故宮

      (2)行宮御苑、離宮御苑:建在都城近郊、遠郊的風景優美的地方,或者遠離都城的風景地帶。兩者不同點:行宮御苑供皇帝偶爾游憩或短期駐蹕之用;離宮御苑作為皇帝長期居住、處理朝政的地方,相當于一處與大內相聯系的政治中心。

      典型代表:承德園林

      2、私家園林:園亭、山莊、別業、草堂等

      私家園林屬于民間的貴族、官僚、縉紳、文人和富商(皇權的補充和延伸)所私有。由于封建禮法制度的約束,私家園林無論在內容和形式上均不同于皇家園林,其特點是:規模較小,常用假山假水,建筑小巧玲瓏,色彩淡雅素凈。

      典型代表:北京的恭王府,蘇州的拙政園、滄浪亭,上海的豫園等。

      3、寺觀園林

      佛寺和道觀的附屬園林,營造清幽雅致的環境,追求人間的恬適寧靜。封建政治體制決定了宗教的地位,寺觀的建筑形制逐漸趨同于宮廷、邸宅。

      典型代表:少林寺、五臺山等

      3按地域劃分:北方園林、江南園林、嶺南園林

      1、北方園林

      主要地處黃河流域的西安、洛陽、登封、開封、曲阜、北京等古都古城,其中以北京園林為代表,多為皇家園林。這些園林風格粗獷,人工建筑偏于厚重,是我國古代園林的宏麗之作。如北京以山水取勝的“三山”。

      2、江南園林

      “江南”是指長江下游太湖流域一帶,以南京、無錫、揚州、蘇州、上海、杭州、嘉興等地為多,蘇州為最,故有“江南園林甲天下,蘇州園林甲江南”之說。

    園林

    網師園

      典型代表:蘇州拙政園、留園、網師園等

      3、 嶺南園林

      主要分布在以珠江三角洲為中心的潮汕、東莞、番禺、廣州等地,以宅園為主。嶺南地區終年常綠,又多河川,具有明顯的熱帶、亞熱帶風光特點,造園條件十分優越。園林多為景觀欣賞與避暑納涼相結合,近代受西歐造園技法的影響,建筑高而寬敞、輕盈秀雅、室內造景、內外呼應,具有綜合型園林的特征。

      嶺南四大名園:廣東佛山的梁園、順德的清暉園、東莞的可園、番禺的余蔭山房

      此外,按園林的藝術風格還可分為規則式園林、自然式園林、混合式園林。我國的一些少數民族地區,在宮殿、寺廟、庭院也附建具有濃厚民族色彩和宗教氣氛的園林。如西藏拉薩的羅布林卡,譯為“寶貝園林”,園內宮殿聳立莊嚴,林木蔥郁,曲折幽靜。

    古建風采
    古建檔案
    分支機構 更多
    熱門點擊
    ? 蚂蚁彩票 www.0194002.com | www.c50336.com | www.dingxin999.xin | 414199.vip | www.benz4411s.com | www.01088.com | huangma21.com | www.q24135.com | www.slyl1.com | 22117n.com | www.xpj16685.com | 3559uuuu.com | www.888365q.com | www.361576.com | 3131aa.cc | www.hg88676.com | xpj764.cn | www.msc-msc.com | www.302210.com | 243d2.com | www.ylylc01.com | hjdc678.com | www.78854.com | www.50064u.com | www.7720e.com | www.61233b.com | 35222s.com | www.f7764.com | 28288g.com | www.v6060.com | www.507933.com | jinguan2255.com | www.hg2300.com | 0241o.com | www.caipiao33.com | 28758j.com | www.5651e.com | www.den00.com | vip56787.com | www.16065g.com | hg96.com | www.15k0048.com | tzvip2023.com | www.443447.com | www.090040.com | www.39695x.com | www.hy6935.com | hd8332.com | www.67258b.com | 32666k.com | www.557755.com | 7508b.com | www.292085.com | 9694.com | www.l94600.com | 7yuhe.com | www.i1432.com | 08702004.com | www.33678gg.com | 47470524.com | www.8911333.com | 3566mm.com | www.1754e.com | xhby988.com | www.sha2255.com | 5443n.com | www.10999n.com | 35ii.vip | www.96386n.com | 896230.com | www.23834.com | 3535394.com | www.if57.com | www.119946.com | www.562602.com | www.pj85993.com | 1483ff.com | www.5860r.com | 2018.so | www.55526z.com | 657.one | www.7415l.com | 1389jj.com | www.7036s.com | hg10t.com | www.9999bj.com | f47479.com | www.09czj.com | www.pj8365.com | www.202435.com | www.624444d.com | zhcp22.com | www.8473f.com | 579336.com | www.09527w.com | 3939688.com | www.3066oo.com | www.6889797.com | www.hnjxjd.cn | gui474.com | www.524077.com | www.55070o.com | www.0011hg.com | 3467i.com | www.719113.com | www.33678ss.com | www.hm3788.com | vnsr44888.com | 15g1.net | www.bai05.com | www.sbd025.net | www.a3a000.net | 7779p.cc | www.230961.com | www.0967005.com | www.zl49.com | mi532.com | jr9933.com | www.593477.com | www.792087.com | www.vns3591.com | feicai0536.com | tgf8876.vip | www.423552.com | www.hr255.com | www.22448.com | www.857t.com | www.606933.com | 20054422.com | 70www.net | www.c5986.com | www.wns123j.com | www.567100.com | 3434hhh.com | youleseo.com | www.yh234h.com | 4960077.com | 9737gg.me | www.371j.cc | www.109115.com | www.555030.com | lhc958999.com | pj88.com | syrbtz.com | www.3775o.com | www.548058.com | 8884048.com | 3775o.com | 88021.com | www.976731.com | www.11599.com | www.ra82.com | www.js888200.com | 5856.com | 26668n.com | pj87.com | 89777t.com | www.cf9906.com | www.37377m.com | www.8473b.com | www.444171.com | www.ylhg1818.com | 9149m.com | 30178899.com | 77229193.com | ii1331.com | 32424q.com | www.ch8988.com | www.ampj3433.com | www.115527j.com | www.071097.com | www.56733t.com | 4647v.com | 6150q.com | 3122bb.com | www.137165.com | www.c760.vip | www.07163w.com | www.742488.com | www.287722.com | www.157479.com | www.9599677.net | 4809u.com | a1915.com | 206403.com | 2190s.com | www.156506.com | www.949403.com | www.50024t.com | www.js58123.com | www.6668ylg.com | www.fhcp2288.com | www.781msc.com | www.1348-5.com | www.3371777.com | 3258y.com | 9659g.com | 7893.cc | 876878a.com | ppp8827.com | 500000572.com | www.180435.com | www.737298.com | www.fcyl0.com | www.33997c.com | www.xj1992.com | www.138.net | 55268.net | c.kuktt.cn | www.33112v.com | www.349577.com | www.755864.com | www.cp778.com | www.977hf.com | www.9928f.com | www.5086d.com | www.36788x.com | www.23636e.com | www.2228229.com | www.7920z.com | www.885608.com | www.2283066.com | www.4521v.com | www.80188s.com | www.xybets6.com | www.9b004.com | www.99113r.com | www.85857p.com | www.drf0432.com | www.11ledian11.cc | www.25959a.com | www.wnsr5550.com | www.8516.com | www.9737rr.com | www.bet63h.com | www.i7764.com | www.73990l.com | www.69989e.com | www.40288c.com | www.0600x.cc | www.zzyl60.com | www.0194004.com | www.50048.com | www.3478h.cc | www.767387.com | www.599846.com | www.326608.com | 60959999.com | 7742tt.com | lehu80.com | 0267.com | 00ss8332.com | 518cp5.com | www.aobo9.com | www.4938v.com | www.caipiao037.com | www.0866.com | www.5981f.com | www.0600w.cc | www.3978r.com | www.6661a.cc | www.755860.com | www.068617.com | 609906.com | 8547qq.com | 34z35.com | 55797u.com | www.dfs779.com | www.8694n.com | www.881456.com | www.19019e.com | www.js18456.com | www.666825.com | www.99fzc.com | www.466518.com | 09244777.com | i4389.com | uuu4255.com | 55818k.com | www.3653306.com | www.138808.com | www.8967m.com | www.770309.com | www.11025.cc | www.431056.com | 2824.com | 444000x.com | 0747l.com | www.365109c.com | www.345066.com | www.1851139.com | www.36585555.com | www.715934.com | ww5443.com | 14683355.com | zhcp44.com | www.hgw2016.com | www.135755555.com | www.7799nsb.com | www.3479v.com | 4379f.com | e8381.com | mgm3242w.com | www.58777z.com | www.8967t.com | www.hyi682.com | www.578113.com | 8633001.com | 54243366.com | www.f32126.cc | www.jsc9558.com | www.hr1844.com | www.177888a.com | 9479c8.com | 4036bb.com | mm56667.com | www.25000c.com | www.js89l.vip | www.912199.com | 00dd8331.com | tcdtf.com | www.7622900.com | www.71071m.com | www.61655c.com | www.108129.com | w08199.com | 6701m.com | www.6666hs.com | www.984702.com | www.550263.com | yd776.com | zhcp44.com | www.577177b.com | www.862239.com | www.370619.com | 496nn.com | www.60088hg.com | www.mhcp8.com | www.60108q.com | hr499.com | 9679b.com | www.719365.com | www.6663ylg.com | www.2408b.cc | 1331jj.com | r35151.com | www.11kj.com | www.49956p.com | 5456.so | qq365f.com | www.553843.com | www.x777678.com | www.136503.com | f4255.com | www.58777i.com | www.5886mm.com | www.876899.com | 496nn.com | www.hg0088.co | www.93955b.com | www.819759.com | 923350.com | www.85770m.com | www.hjdc2007.com | www.586775.com | js89y.vip | www.8085js.com | www.74j.com | 1596aa.com | cp888.at | www.5504s.com | www.zcwf4.com | 3467d.com | www.32126u.net | www.5886mm.com | www.83033v.com | 35442999.com | www.666118a.com | www.9818t.cc | 13222r.com | www.alpk88.com | www.11599119.com | 55818t.com | 3080.com | www.4996qj.com | www.401746.com | 亿客隆.com | www.70039n.com | www.9205c.com | 7240l.com | www.h7788n.com | www.120638.com | qcloud.com | 59599x.com | www.30350f.com | tyc1318.com | 0805u.com | www.57800z.com | www.223075.com | x33u.vip | www.7415v.com | www.349677.com | 983888n.com | www.0082737.com | www.178339.com | 1115673.com | www.00778h.com | www.m.cp533pc.vip | 500000419.com | www.848777s.com | www.348116.com | 6601234.com | 55oo8331.com | www.6386d.com | 28839j.com | 7775144.com | www.8350.vip | 88993u.com | www.282xpj.com | www.816069.com | 9p123.com | www.30370000.com | www.csgc6.com | 82365j.com | www.51500.com | www.177474.com | z88rr.com | www.m222999.com | www.50051h.com | 3412288.com | www.233449.com | www.586960.com | bet577n.com | www.66pjjt.com | 80878.com | www.gg9702.com | www.ok52.com | 01885h.com | www.a32031.com | 11998332.com | www.hg2367.com | www.qucp9.com | 99345dh.com | www.63606f.com | 2019a.cc | www.k555555.com | www.501342.com | ks3337.com | www.660689.com | 2997775.com | www.rgcp555.com | www.53900i.com | www.hg80999.com | www.61233w.com | 3405fff.com | www.115527a.com | 6033t.com | www.289333.com | www.320663.com | www.a3a111.cc | www.55587.com | 33318d.com | www.vns000.me | 2418o.com | www.172270.com | 4638877.com | www.1596a.com | www.347918.com | www.38200b.com | www.ban54.com | feicai0513.com | www.0270y.com | 7276886.com | www.55676e.com | 8015x.com | www.0041331.com | blr5033.com | www.ggw.99233w.com | 2546m.com | www.e23012.com | www.095588.com | www.2846i.com | www.390500.com | www.3729.com | www.560935.com | www.223456r.com | www.cp7836.com | xx888y.com | www.060wy.com | d2649.com | www.022h.cc | 60876.com | www.0ttz.com | www.1869h.com | www.c9337.com | www.8344567.com | www.3678.com | 600.cc | www.07679b.com | 7893w9.com | www.yl8553hb.com | 3522hh.cc | www.11599009.com | v5172.com | www.4323x.com | 7779k.cc | www.2408c.com | www.999xm.cc | hggjtg12.com | www.865807.com | www.808xpj.com | www.605670.com | www.362844.com | www.225779.com | www.90486.com | lg5577.com | www.09883.com | xhgx2.com | www.4963nn.com | 28839c.com | www.5446t.com | 32555g.com | www.3080.com | hfjxss.com | www.hf0168.com | www.059778.com | cdlipu.com | www.5858564.com | 1665rr.com | www.44118b.com | 2214aa.com | www.50024l.com | www.210zr.com | www.376369.com | www.992254.com | 77151.com | www.60886y.com | bbo626.com | www.022sc.cc | www.17848.cc | c83b784w.com | www.4136k.com | 8159uuu.cc | www.21202j.com | www.85770v.com | 5001c.com | www.79500k.com | 983888f.com | www.84499f.com | www.xpj1177.cc | 7605b.com | www.72710.com | tt3336.com | www.54400s.com | www.xhtd68.com | 4260022.com | www.pj88s.com | afcp09.com | www.58ipo.com | www.22gg940.com | 1294.com | www.f98478.com | amjzh.top | www.33598e.com | www.ii55826.com | 08159c.com | www.ck9393.com | www.hg8357.com | 5309m.com | www.87668d.com | www.am0677.com | sxpj62607.com | www.99552ww.com | 56988o.vip | www.109882.com | www.pj66119.com | 26668j.com | www.401268.com | www.1168w.com | 1708222.com | www.863630.com | www.166663.com | 3807l.com | www.wcp8008.com | www.991882.com | 7240i.com | www.cp8001.cc | www.063sunbet.com | 3967e.com | www.c5908.com | www.z3285.com | 57157.com | www.652776.com | www.7779833.com | 22qq8331.com | www.303480.com | www.bet63k.com | 44488k.com | 08159l.com | www.89777w.com | www.6888xpj.com | 6322.com | www.yi660.com | www.118vv.com | 17797777.com | www.324246.com | www.58404b.com | 6556n.com | 76543v.com | www.16878o.com | www.hotelisboa.com | o7742.com | www.817824.com | www.bb55826.com | 50000944.com | 8722tttt.com | www.96386j.com | ee76669.com | www.4546500.com | www.68666g.com | 32689.co | www.8039o.com | www.jbs095.com | 060785.cn | 55ww8332.com | www.28891h.com | www.34666.com | 5856aaa.com | www.533786.com | www.129088.com | www.xhtd3344.com | 300089v.com | www.915422.com | www.4078r.com | www.56012.com | 59599l.com | www.csgc9.com | www.5099vv.com | www.86611o.com | 00778b.com | www.cb3288.com | www.3bet005.com | www.288kb.net | zunyi807.com | www.540477.com | www.97994d.com | www.9679c.com | d67890.com | 8827xx.com | www.79520c.com | www.i4042.com | 21866d.com | 3846u.com | www.701497.com | www.4521m.com | www.msc99.la | 8790vns11.com | 2019ll.cc | www.8839m.com | www.9737kk.com | www.cr1116.com | 34m35.com | jbb83.cc | www.34788n.com | www.99113g.com | www.333222q.com | xpj8182.cc | 8036nn.com | www.34489.cc | www.89677c.com | www.h7788o.com | 5003z.com | xinshijiylc6.com | www.c4529.com | www.99552xx.com | www.a3a444.cc | 131ccc.net | qqq3405.com | www.178726.com | www.yt2019.com | www.848434.com | www.66yh765.com | 0186556.com | 6245.be | www.655903.com | www.772891.com | www.6052365.com | www.621155z.com | ii67890.com | 33678ff.com | www.725660.com | www.2418r.com | www.4972l.com | www.44992055.com | 28758r.com | 75991j.com | 9895o.com | www.810612.com | www.0967005.com | www.80969v.com | www.hg5532.com | 111122cc.com | 915905208.com | 131x.net | www.296180.com | www.36788j.com | www.60886q.com | www.91868.com | www.hgw0088.biz | 7779k.cc | shen6600.com | 7240k.com | www.378135.com | www.35918k.com | www.83377t.com | www.0077jj.com | www.1112558.com | ambyc3.com | 4167j.com | 3304mm.com | 332650.com | www.904817.com | www.83993d.com | www.5886pp.com | www.9149.com | www.hg486.com | www.888476.com | 00773xx.com | 8722aaaa.com | 9737.me | 44tt8331.com | www.550437.com | www.5854s.cc | www.9192666.com | www.03a88.com | www.56655z.com | www.hg1115k.com | www.38200w.com | 2418v.com | 7276996.com | 4444211.com | 5360i.com | 7744aaa.com | www.349277.com | www.c6321.com | www.80065k.com | www.88qiji.com | www.06820u.com | www.779626.com | www.82205.com | www.s99927.com | www.85770b.com | vn13588.me | 39990044.com | 3700988.com | 1294y.cc | 559649.com | 56987ll.com | 44488i.com | 2247j.com | www.71233i.com | www.452166.com | www.911924.com | www.699by.com | www.34788m.com | www.7714b.com | www.957004.com | www.hg6688.net | www.33678xx.com | www.0031331.com | www.7415ee.com | www.821623.com | www.falao268268.com | www.5882323.com | www.xpj1506.com | www.js81122.com | www.ks1384.com | www.18shenbo.com | www.u22365.com | www.7720b.com | www.xj6666.com | www.a1a111.cc | www.99999jsc.com | 28455.com | 2287.com | www.6033l.com | 20779966.com | www.9844js.com | www.81866t.com | www.86611x.com | www.sjs05.com | www.4123020.com | www.298345.com | www.wns8848.com | www.682855.com | www.vns338.com | www.55115454.com | www.js520345.com | www.xx9090.com | www.xj555666.com | www.hg2809.com | www.kk6444.com | www.49yj.com | www.808888h.com | www.5099gg.com | www.bwinyz11.com | www.820021.com | www.2299nsb.com | www.390737.com | www.1666b.com | www.52303c.com | www.3933y.cc | www.923076.com | www.530833.com | www.135169.com | 4400634.com | 61652c.com | 5622h.com | 18-82.com | 86068.com | t1915t.com | 8547ii.com | aa8bb8.com | www.309999.com | www.v6964.com | www.www904744.com | www.179022.com | www.8080999e.com | www.97828d.vip | www.91233r.com | www.tctx2.com | www.533091.com | 3685s.com | 575799.com | 655660066.com | 2324nnn.com | 228888.com | www.5165511.com | www.32666u.com | www.081168.net | www.66vn777.com | www.hr466.com | www.43818p.com | www.771247.com | dj368.com | 38989w.com | lh66o.com | 2247mm.com | www.758567g.com | www.819843.com | www.http://www.410488.com/ | www.06820k.com | www.680508.com | www.22ttz.com | www.202434.com | 500000471.com | 0234c.com | 20160913.com | www.dfs997.com | www.9949f.com | www.848524.com | www.97828f.vip | www.2408a.cc | www.137103.com | ii1331.com | 3679nn.com | 666-5.com | www.xn339.com | www.88166z.com | www.5856859.com | www.c609.vip | 4195h.com | 972t.com | jjj8827.com | www.xpj3368.com | www.mk856.com | www.4102h.com | www.2188cai.com | www.001837.com | 992222k.com | 55331dd.com | www.995n.net | www.85857m.com | www.4809w.com | www.c5617.com | 2613v.com | 3678f.com | 1222.com | www.911955.com | www.12136r.com | www.22ttz.com | 517801.com | 4488dd.com | www.sjs11.com | www.991882.com | www.3846dd.com | www.gocp6.com | 7141pp.com | 3890u.com | www.js98333.com | www.bet3666.com | www.81608l.com | www.593411.com | bm1396.cc | 25288w.com | www.2222k0.com | www.4078c.com | www.84040.com | 1479a.com | 8344dd.com | www.32126e.net | www.38345p.com | www.66376c.com | js345d.com | 4025g.com | www.1112558.com | www.bet63e.com | www.008ac.com | 4255hhh.com | wns4.net | www.mt2888.com | www.665888.com | www.611669.com | 5647t.com | 1691899.com | www.5049v.com | www.78700c.com | www.c387387.com | www.129029.com | 4025.com | www.yh8894.com | www.6880rr.com | www.hg4799.com | www.765.me | www.331215.com | vipvip6666.com | www.hjdc2000.vip | www.8080999i.com | www.c2398.com | 1859004.com | 1305005.com | www.5146z1.com | www.29czj.com | 53638888.cn | 3049l.com | www.caipioa33.com | www.26299j.com | 7720q.net | 83377s.com | www.998855l.com | www.12455d.com | 8901e.com | 69990c.com | www.808888r.com | www.66fft.com | bbb67890.com | www.7435k.com | www.653263.com | www.534680.com | xd2018.com | www.10ff8.com | www.151228.com | 97297x.com | 4023l.com | www.98698o.com | www.912339.com | hk6686.cc | www.0860u.com | www.9996tt.com | 7779s.cc | 77p88.cc | www.55070v.com | www.550419.com | 3640pp.com | www.89790.com | www.07163q.com | 28824m.com | www.67797t.com | www.5856871.com | 22995156.com | gd0621.com | www.5189333.com | www.235644.com | 33hh8331.com | www.85857m.com | www.812870.com | 66287m.com | www.366700.com | www.ck9595.com | lll4165.com | www.hg4438.com | www.3479m.com | 99909k.com | www.58767.com | www.23636m.com | 3788.com | www.10050856.com | www.49956w.com | 23015.com | www.hg5123.pw | www.26163s.com | 3522p.vip | www.4488tq.com | www.9818p.cc | 33432i.com | www.4887555.com | www.hx6611.com | 51133zz.com | www.hjcp9999.com | www.665882.com | 44dd8332.com | www.4444yh.vip | www.178211.com | zhcpdd.com | www.3w111.com | d7742.com | www.bt258.com | www.171102.com | n888101.com | www.zl49.com | www.cb5388.com | bet3658806.com | www.rgcp15.com | www.281110.com | 26444a.com | www.12136i.com | 647468.com | www.vns6036.com | www.371e.cc | 4488d.com | www.71071r.com | nn7742.com | www.hg18518.com | www.701wb.com | 78117711.com | www.988778.com | www.544095.com | vip9895.com | www.452955.com | 59599a.com | www.7788789.com | www.599260.com | 3078c.com | www.55717x.com | giscrocodile.com | www.21511x.com | www.455518.com | 5446q.com | www.hg27388.com | 0652q.com | www.77731j.com | 365063.com | www.a1a777.net | www.5095i.com | 444v44.com | www.06820m.com | vic9308.com | www.hg287.com | www.372082.com | www.dfs995.com | www.51515c.com | 51133ccc.com | www.4196y.com | 08778f.com | www.092222.com | www.118109.com | www.76060z.com | www.2109j.com | 566365.com | www.4833046.com | jidu77.com | www.7334g.com | ppp3405.com | www.889029.com | www.105180.com | www.76543d.com | www.911888a.com | 111122cc.com | www.65707g.com | 61324466.com |