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  • 首頁>裝飾藝術品>木器藝術>詳情
    廳堂裝飾太師壁 容齋茶話傳千年
    2018-07-16 16:14:44 來源:古建中國  作者:佚名  責任編輯:周玲

      太師壁一般安裝在堂屋之中,兩側及后面均留有空間供人通行,壁前放幾案,太師椅等家具,故稱太師壁。是中國古代建筑中常用裝飾手法,多見于南方一些園林廳堂建筑之中。

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    太師壁

      太師壁安于堂屋的后壁中央,上面雕刻或用欞條拼成各種花紋,或在板壁上懸掛字畫。正中懸掛祖先容像。太師壁兩側靠墻處各開一小門,通往后邊隔間或者樓梯。壁前設條案,案上自東向西分別放置花瓶,自鳴鐘和鏡子,寓意“東瓶西靜,終身平安”。案前放置八仙桌。條桌前擺八仙桌及太師椅,廳堂兩側設茶幾及座椅,側壁上掛名人字畫。這種處理幾乎成為廳堂的定制。

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    樂敘堂·太師壁

      福建民居中也有太師壁。閩南也稱其為壽屏。在福州,其位置在正廳支撐中央脊檁的柱子(棟柱)后方一個柱位,在兩金柱(后大充)間立兩根屏柱(開間小的話,或不立屏柱),在屏柱間做木質插屏,這塊插屏即為太師壁,其上做出看架,有時還有窠方。兩屏柱頂端有時有插把。

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    園林·太師壁

      “太師”一詞,有說是來源于戲臺上分割前后臺的“太師少師”獅子繪畫者。這是福州民居最重要的核心部位,標準的布置是在太師壁前放橫向供桌和八仙桌(閩南臺灣所謂“頂下桌”),桌上大邊(屋內向外左手)供奉神明,小邊供奉祖先牌位(也有貼紅紙香位、掛先人遺像在屏柱外的板壁上,或者進屏廳門上神龕的),放置花瓶等物件。

      太師壁安裝在堂屋明間金柱(檐柱里外的柱子)之間和內檐隔扇正好相對。太師壁前后都留有寬闊的空間供人通行。有的太師壁做的很大,布滿整個開間,然后在壁的兩側靠墻各開一小門供人出入;有的只是做一部分安在開間的正中間。

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    中式廳堂·太師壁

      一些村落民居住宅的常屋內的太師壁大多做工簡單,沒有雕刻的花樣,但通常在上面粘貼上中堂和對聯。橫披正中懸掛匾額或匾字,樸素卻又具有濃郁的鄉村特色。

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