• <blockquote id="a6osq"></blockquote>
    <samp id="a6osq"></samp>
  • <xmp id="a6osq">
  • <label id="a6osq"><sup id="a6osq"></sup></label>
  • <samp id="a6osq"></samp>
  • 首頁>裝飾藝術品>木器藝術>詳情
    花樣木窗 一戶之景的藝術
    2018-07-02 15:36:17 來源:古建中國  作者:佚名  責任編輯:劉海旺

      自古以來,窗在建筑中都充當著極其重要的角色。建筑結構中木材是主要的原料,而窗是建筑中不可分割的一部分,在漫長的歷史長河中,木窗早已擺脫它本身的定義,作為傳統建筑中的重要組成部分,它更多的是表現著中國的傳統思想。

    木窗

    木窗

      1、古代傳統木窗

      古代木窗代表的是文化的沉淀。窗的出現可以追溯到原始社會。那時的窗功能僅僅是最基本的幾項:采光、通風、排煙等等。而后隨著人類生產力的發展,對窗的需求不僅僅只表現在幾項基本功能。到了漢代方形、長方形和圓形的木窗接連出現,隨后慢慢給木床添加了裝飾的功能。

      隋唐時期的木窗是直棱窗,元代以后的木窗可開啟。到了明清,可謂是木窗的鼎盛時期。各種形制,裝飾繁雜的木窗出現在人們的生活中。經過了各個階段的木窗,功能從簡單的通風采光功能逐漸衍生到歲月賦予它歷史、文化和藝術的氣息。

    木窗

    木窗雕花

      2、現代簡化木窗

      現代木窗代表的是節能的初步探索。明清一過,鼎盛消退。多年的戰亂過后,國家經濟薄弱。傳統文化在民間的影響力減弱,“多、快、好、省”成了主流。傳統木窗被簡化,復雜的裝飾特征被去除。這時的木窗更注重簡單、實用。而門窗新材料的出現,給了木質窗沉重的一擊。空腹鋼窗、彩色鋼板窗、鋁合金窗、塑鋼窗等等。逐漸的進入了人們的生活,基本取代了木窗。

    木窗

    當代木窗

      3、當代新型木窗

      當代門窗代表的是綠色的回歸!2013年1月1日,北京正式實施了《居住建筑節能設計標準》。在現代精良的制作工藝前提下,木窗獨有的性能又開始在門窗領域嶄露頭角。優異的保溫性能、良好的裝飾性和較高的性價比是其他材料窗制品所不具備的。另外,木材可以給人溫馨、自然、淳樸的感受。作為中國傳統的天然材料,木材在整個建筑和室內外裝修所占有的地位是無法代替的。

    木窗

    古代木窗

      總而言之,中國古代建筑的戶牖不僅體現了封建社會的等級制度和禮制觀念,而且注重建筑通風散氣、采光照明的功能,可謂在世界建筑史上是絕無僅有的。充分說明極為豐厚的文化內涵,也形成了中國古建筑戶牑發展史上的不可或缺的重要部分。

    古建風采
    古建檔案
    分支機構 更多
    熱門點擊
    ? 蚂蚁彩票 www.23040.com | www.2373v.com | www.54968f.com | www.08588c.com | www.50051b.com | www.01063.com | www.yi648.com | www.igcp3.com | www.799100.com | www.529355.com | www.095005.com | www.91233c.com | www.361gc.com | www.809573.com | www.638477.com | www.196501.com | www.26299i.com | www.22ttz.com | www.675266.com | www.207882.com | www.33588j.com | www.tang444.com | www.586960.com | www.95111w.com | www.50024s.com | www.hcjt7.com | www.612110.com | www.88266r.com | www.08588n.com | www.803372.com | www.36788u.com | www.509866.com | www.hf0688.com | www.217556.com | www.41518.com | www.cp689.vip | www.191065.com | www.50052k.com | www.987425.com | www.307683.com | www.750966.com | www.676477.com | www.32123o.com | www.jcai3.com | www.082712.com | www.3552d.com | www.le33.cc | www.66621h.com | www.cll168.com | www.535666e.com | www.36788x.com | www.858899a.com | www.33112n.com | www.768299.com | www.71233m.com | www.669by.com | www.210255.com | www.122888a.com | www.81678u.com | www.bxcp3.com | www.99677e.com | www.fyyy1.com | www.021037.com | www.clh9.com | www.33112u.com | www.826556.com | www.26299s.com | www.710930.com | www.68689h.com | www.631027.com | www.02500w.com | www.368158.com | www.626by.com | www.66376w.com | www.788572.com | www.32123b.com | www.136305.com | www.tcp969.com | www.39500k.com | www.le33.cc | www.cp500.pw | www.5441n.com | www.160886.com | www.993621.com | www.25688d.com | www.196903.com | www.hcw332.com | www.15355c.com | www.87668t.com | www.hcw266.com | www.065wy.com | www.50064q.com | www.097710.com | www.599810.com | www.m.55xj.vip | www.16001.com | www.81678l.com | www.263988.com | www.775702.com | www.aa0090.com | www.799046.com | www.rrle1.com | www.36788x.com | www.77803j.com | www.539126.com | www.hr5888.com | www.7782f.com | www.35918a.com | www.140018.com | www.560703.com | www.565378.com | www.c1370.com | www.089a.cc | www.9356k.com | www.21202n.com | www.068617.com | www.456836.com | www.701574.com | www.997345.com | www.588yc.com | www.16878x.com | www.57189.cc | www.3479s.com | www.022h.cc | www.2373j.com | www.0014t.com | www.9478f.com | www.099wy.com | www.3478t.cc | www.hr6888.com | www.gocp4.com | www.sygj9.com | www.jx68.com | www.684544.com | www.fh7557.com | www.610390.com | www.530396.com | www.345835.com | www.129989.com | www.83993j.com | www.50989j.com | www.81678m.com | www.66368.com | www.ya248.com | www.917699.com | www.975627.com | www.610181.com | www.156518.com | www.41518r.com | www.36166d.com | www.126xc.com | www.c9335.com | www.912454.com | www.524947.com | www.088185.com | www.bxcp3.com | www.3933d.cc | www.wcp666888.com | www.501254.com | www.96386c.com | www.57578f.com | www.588yc.com | www.976387.com | www.500907.com | www.26878a.com | www.6832g.com | www.csw288.com | www.452820.com | www.50026w.com | www.3890p.com | www.640177.com | www.088185.com | www.50989j.com | www.35czj.com | www.689826.com | www.91233p.com | www.07163l.com | www.959551.com | www.106596.com | www.36788g.com | www.901397.com | www.81678x.com | www.5086c.com | www.755903.com | www.68568f.com | www.158cp.com | www.493381.com | www.68682d.com | www.c5957.com | www.177524.com | www.95458.com | www.755096.com | www.73166d.com | www.070wy.com | www.339125.com | www.26299q.com | www.866269.com | www.61233q.com | www.cpkk9.com | www.178952.com | www.509866.com | www.338031.com | www.9889hc.com | www.377939.com | www.1176.cc | www.77803y.com | www.ct6678.com | www.41518d.com | www.959209.com | www.33598q.com | www.54968f.com | www.07163q.com | www.647977.com | www.08588q.com | www.376357.com | www.9889hc.com | www.86267n.com | www.969761.com | www.54400x.com | www.383897.com | www.55ckb.com | www.73166j.com | www.877719.com | www.52303g.com | www.361477.com | www.hm3777.com | www.71233h.com | www.235387.com | www.988456.vip | www.08588o.com | www.368158.com | www.936317.com | www.27775.cc | www.80075k.com | www.281566.com | www.737298.com | www.5095b.com | www.71399o.com | www.659957.com | www.982pk.com | www.33598x.com | www.jj0.net | www.lcw997.com | www.750966.com | www.49956f.com | www.344242.com | www.rcw8800.com | www.2373d.com | www.97655x.com | www.192711.com | www.558416.com | www.961287.com | www.985jc.com | www.66652g.com | www.55228d.com | www.233591.com | www.606647.com | www.768399.com | www.33ckb.com | www.7782p.com | www.96386x.com | www.51515b.com | www.89894v.com | www.165595.com | www.327831.com | www.hcw332.com | www.803244.com | www.810897.com | www.876295.com | www.899621.com | www.c6882.com | www.ybao4.com | www.yi654.com | www.bxcp3.com | www.077wy.com | www.288hc.com | www.3890t.com | www.76wcp.com | www.65yb.com | www.938906.com | www.911209.com | www.809381.com | www.800471.com | www.679957.com | www.548912.com | www.372839.com | www.186327.com | www.91233i.com | www.34788c.com | www.33598x.com | www.977hf.com | www.c9668.com | www.927133.com | www.576530.com | www.297790.com | www.66652d.com | www.36788j.com | www.106ak.com | www.hm2299.com | www.fh7557.com | www.320660.com | www.78949w.com | www.66652d.com | www.3552r.com | www.c6881.com | www.701546.com | www.278965.com | www.49956h.com | www.08588g.com | www.gyfc2.com | www.xinyc6.com | www.99677t.com | www.65707x.com | www.ya448.com | www.525988.com | www.66621i.com | www.66201.cc | www.xinyc3.com | www.96386g.com | www.99638.com | www.976550.com | www.330271.com | www.54400l.com | www.938905.com | www.138017.com | www.26163x.com | www.910882.com | www.89894u.com | www.2934j.com | www.662358.com | www.60007t.com | www.089c.cc | www.463552.com | www.34788k.com | www.xinyc8.com | www.33112p.com | www.318548.com | www.029079.com | www.371t.cc | www.328477.com | www.07163w.com | www.587810.com | www.68568g.com | www.783802.com | www.00665c.com | www.978931.com | www.52303a.com | www.zcwf6.com | www.97655u.com | www.lqc8.com | www.89894k.com | www.828521.com | www.77996c.com | www.599810.com | www.375916.com | www.104ak.com | www.101125.com | www.gai00.com | www.78700a.com | www.931499.com | www.15355f.com | www.lg7717.com | www.07929.cc | www.53900d.com | www.767200.com | www.56718.com | www.xinyc5.com | www.ya838.com | www.36166b.com | www.606370.com | www.8000hc.com | www.36166k.com | www.558403.com | www.yi816.com | www.12455f.com | www.399010.com | www.qmkl9.com | www.78949y.com | www.262072.com | www.858659.com | www.255ak.com | www.26163s.com | www.301345.com | www.861830.com | www.tj92.com | www.50064h.com | www.80767g.com | www.629012.com | www.981500.com | www.3933b.cc | www.33997q.com | www.66376l.com | www.351871.com | www.811672.com | www.ptk3.com | www.tj92.com | www.87498.com | www.50051c.com | www.053059.com | www.397411.com | www.xinyc2.com | www.ch8345.com | www.006hy.cc | www.006hy.cc | www.636by.com | www.5441s.com | www.61524s.com | www.35918j.com | www.60123u.com | www.88266x.com | www.lcw199.com | www.288645.com | www.0586777.com | www.595953.com | www.676065.com | www.689613.com | www.729908.com | www.816830.com | www.868433.com | www.809215.com | www.962095.com | www.996546.com | www.911070.com | www.rcw8833.com | www.878455.com | www.767198.com | www.657069.com | www.586840.com | www.374877.com | www.210883.com | www.81678w.com | www.43818x.com | www.81520y.com | www.29277m.com | www.005ac.com | www.cszb9.com | www.893023.com | www.574377.com | www.196903.com | www.77803z.com | www.00840f.com | www.16001.com | www.bxcp3333.com | www.810519.com | www.399180.com | www.96386k.com | www.05500w.com | www.6661d.cc | www.927320.com | www.507633.com | www.77802a.com | www.50026w.com | www.9889hc.com | www.bxcp3.com | www.231844.com | www.12455b.com | www.1035a.com | www.840680.com | www.178761.com | www.77801c.com | www.bxcp3.com | www.701548.com | www.lcw199.com | www.77210k.com | www.qucw7.com | www.407872.com | www.43131a.com | www.350zf.com | www.697896.com | www.77801i.com | www.787zf.com | www.693930.com | www.61655i.com | www.2109x.com | www.lcw997.com | www.21202r.com | www.c6127.com | www.234329.com | www.34788x.com | www.290282.com | www.71399b.com | www.ya248.com | www.236002.com | www.8816g.com | www.550346.com | www.81520y.com | www.809215.com | www.43818s.com | www.cp9829.com | www.71399m.com | www.hy6937.com | www.80075x.com | www.gczj9.com | www.053069.com | www.23040.com | www.083552.com | www.664by.com | www.055979.com | www.ya218.com | www.80075e.com | www.993621.com | www.41518v.com | www.791397.com | www.76520y.com | www.609713.com | www.5095c.com | www.175709.com | www.pkfc8.com | www.50054f.com | www.771219.com | www.58688.cc | www.81678u.com | www.846631.com | www.07163d.com | www.118109.com | www.907118.com | www.00840n.com | www.040417.com | www.830523.com | www.5522t.cc | www.43131r.com | www.546868.com | www.ji224.com | www.81520m.com | www.286967.com | www.903839.com | www.3933c.com | www.55228f.com | www.493326.com | www.967333a.com | www.8499h.com | www.77802y.com | www.499428.com | www.980996.com | www.2875m.com | www.96386s.com | www.137651.com | www.602434.com | www.hcw332.com | www.9437.cc | www.50064w.com | www.60123p.com | www.202370.com | www.599810.com | www.899465.com | www.08czj.com | www.5854d.cc | www.41518m.com | www.35155u.com | www.88266r.com | www.243500.com | www.523780.com | www.290282.com | www.960885.com | www.qucp6.com | www.9889hc.com | www.509866.com | www.29178d.com | www.61233x.com | www.08588q.com | www.50080d.com | www.77802i.com | www.95999w.com | www.108057.com | www.177534.com | www.xinyc2.com | www.305922.com | www.331277.com | www.djcp234.com | www.327556.com | www.xinyc2.com | www.234827.com | www.152012.com | www.91233t.com | www.60123v.com | www.33598k.com | www.68568g.com | www.26878l.com | www.3552x.com | www.8000hc.com | www.lczg5.com | www.931499.com | www.690802.com | www.528335.com | www.195237.com | www.77801b.com | www.83033m.com | www.97171.cc | www.ya909.com | www.911059.com | www.558363.com | www.188727.com | www.51515j.com | www.50080c.com | www.067wy.com | www.xinyc8.com | www.595813.com | www.197093.com | www.35918h.com | www.8499r.com | www.c5819.com | www.599843.com | www.037211.com | www.77114d.com | www.1555hc.com | www.769211.com | www.178125.com | www.83033r.com | www.81gcw.com | www.638807.com | www.83993p.com | www.26878h.com | www.c6078.com | www.514577.com | www.50052q.com | www.3552g.com | www.711414.com | www.87668z.com | www.8816i.com | www.843633.com | www.053069.com | www.11201.cc | www.669773.com | www.66332u.com | www.686pp.com | www.548277.com | www.00840c.com | www.tj92.com | www.105886.com | www.8499i.com | www.612918.com | www.33112u.com | www.hc2588.com | www.087079.com | www.1333ac.com | www.957588.com | www.29277y.com | www.731996.com | www.12455t.com | www.937016.com | www.60108y.com | www.yy63.com | www.78700i.com | www.w697.com | www.83033g.com | www.5xca.com | www.83993j.com | www.w935.com | www.68689u.com | www.c9218.com | www.65707i.com | www.cb3988.com | www.50026y.com | www.899495.com | www.87668r.com | www.657259.com | www.26163p.com | www.407873.com | www.0014p.com | www.128082.com | www.flcb5.com | www.50052p.com | www.805357.com | www.50074f.com | www.530255.com | www.658zf.com | www.80075z.com | www.901172.com | www.36788m.com | www.277320.com | www.hj7776.com | www.84499k.com | www.431016.com | www.w725.com | www.71399k.com | www.xcw866.com | www.c5635.com | www.55885j.com | www.225863.com | www.ct8844.com | www.50064l.com | www.083015.com | www.797884.com | www.2408e.com | www.33588k.com | www.483770.com | www.c5909.com | www.29178c.com | www.77801w.com | www.530877.com | www.996732.com | www.cll168.com | www.50080s.com | www.345597.com | www.855310.com | www.9889hc.com | www.50732j.com | www.65707i.com | www.262548.com | www.629965.com | www.hcw018.com | www.055l.cc | www.07163l.com | www.16878z.com | www.83033i.com | www.fh7557.com | www.566385.com | www.810895.com | www.cp3158.cc | www.66ffl.com | www.16001.com | www.78700n.com | www.50052x.com | www.89894v.com | www.224344.com | www.444165.com | www.tcp969.com | www.808731.com | www.923599.com | www.c6378.com | www.fh1188.com | www.9889hc.com | www.bxcp3.com | www.3479x.com | www.9356t.com | www.26163t.com | www.49956b.com | www.60007p.com | www.60123k.com | www.68682j.com | www.66653w.com | www.68682f.com | www.55228k.com | www.50788n.com | www.36788w.com | www.15355t.com | www.8816u.com | www.3890f.com | www.2632n.com | www.977hf.com | www.chi32.com | www.c5617.com | www.916570.com | www.781367.com | www.586005.com | www.369072.com | www.162918.com | www.77114t.com | www.32123r.com | www.50788y.com | www.3126e.com | www.yic9.com | www.798288.com | www.530995.com | www.109076.com | www.36788s.com | www.29178b.com | www.bxcp3.com | www.901391.com | www.536350.com | www.033708.com | www.07163d.com | www.5086j.com | www.hc5859.com | www.627212.com | www.126019.com | www.81520r.com | www.565hc.com | www.795335.com | www.226705.com | www.99788j.com | www.022qh.cc | www.673730.com | www.093827.com | www.52072n.com | www.zfcp9.com | www.530396.com | www.50080t.com | www.984jc.com | www.755016.com | www.018916.com | www.15355x.com | www.925771.com | www.186372.com | www.34788r.com | www.982090.com | www.215602.com | www.50026z.com | www.969751.com | www.156518.com | www.23834.com | www.54968f.com | www.66376w.com | www.565hc.com | www.477680.com | www.80767x.com | www.aa3126.com | www.108129.com | www.3126r.com | www.546599.com | www.77802w.com | www.912193.com | www.65707l.com | www.9889hc.com | www.151376.com | www.202115.com | www.332069.com | www.7793o.com | www.494969.com | www.16588t.com | www.570981.com | www.60123q.com | www.669548.com | www.68682d.com | www.660665.com | www.66376b.com | www.630367.com | www.50052l.com | www.560691.com | www.63500.cc | www.335324.com | www.0014g.com | www.133615.com | www.okw0.com | www.51331d.com | www.874110.com | www.65707g.com | www.527990.com | www.9889hc.com | www.91233k.com | www.927836.com | www.68689f.com | www.444075.com | www.8000hc.com | www.55228l.com | www.764499.com | www.8499c.com | www.025532.com | www.912480.com | www.50024p.com | www.244646.com | www.c143.vip | www.36788p.com | www.bizhong55.com | www.ch8567.com | www.50052p.com | www.109883.com | www.859509.com | www.3126p.com | www.50022c.com | www.501254.com | www.fh6116.com | www.43818z.com | www.021037.com | www.684335.com | www.9889hc.com | www.281877.com | www.188393.com | www.755216.com | www.575hc.com | www.61655x.com | www.065966.com | www.603294.com | www.c805.cc | www.3479v.com | www.96386b.com | www.022194.com | www.513477.com | www.898140.com | www.00ckb.com | www.9818a.cc | www.81520t.com | www.77803e.com | www.288472.com | www.602913.com | www.955474.com | www.071wy.com | www.8039c.com | www.78949k.com | www.61655q.com | www.083067.com | www.394277.com | www.599840.com | www.782478.com | www.luck887.com | www.hm2299.com | www.yi660.com | www.022sx.cc | www.5666hc.com | www.7782f.com | www.64141.com | www.50024d.com | www.67258c.com | www.86267j.com | www.99677h.com | www.25688l.com | www.12455c.com | www.26299p.com | www.33997f.com | www.35155s.com | www.35918g.com | www.51515p.com | www.36788w.com | www.33588g.com | www.88266l.com | www.66653g.com | www.36166c.com | www.12015.cc | www.022gs.cc | www.ya238.com | www.cb7588.com | www.890702.com | www.621441.com | www.515049.com | www.210927.com | www.83033t.com | www.33598d.com | www.60007z.com | www.6661e.cc | www.rrle3.com | www.826552.com | www.544092.com | www.132031.com | www.60108x.com | www.68689q.com | www.3933f.cc | www.318548.com | www.703617.com | www.388510.com | www.83993g.com | www.77801s.com | www.2875u.com | www.lcw997.com | www.534211.com | www.80075f.com | www.50051c.com | www.fan03.com | www.672166.com | www.105180.com | www.80075y.com | www.126xc.com | www.755806.com | www.hcw018.com | www.53900f.com | www.tlcp3.com | www.xinyc3.com | www.66652i.com | www.5441f.com | www.810730.com | www.118428.com | www.33598d.com | www.966083.com | www.205883.com | www.51331d.com | www.992599.com | www.202434.com | www.49956k.com | www.680358.com | www.137916.com | www.69998.cc | www.766076.com | www.79520d.com | www.060wy.com | www.544086.com | www.81233hh.com | www.hw4444.com | www.177741.com | www.8499h.com | www.610181.com | www.16878y.com | www.cp369.net | www.99001r.com | www.105ak.com | www.401278.com | www.50064f.com | www.772701.com | www.33588o.com | www.985175.com | www.66621j.com | www.lczg7.com | www.bxcp3.com | www.500cd.com | www.xinyc5.com | www.2875d.com | www.317199.com | www.5441r.com | www.404099.com | www.01063.com | www.404677.com | www.9155g.com | www.422738.com | www.3416m.com | www.247500.com | www.9889hc.com | www.89894b.com | www.c760.net | www.16188a.com | www.689066.com | www.00840r.com | www.316083.com | www.5dwj.com | www.50051r.com | www.689477.com | www.52005.cc | www.163136.com | www.c166.vip | www.66653y.com | www.394311.com | www.07hc.com | www.33112l.com | www.639012.com | www.600hc.com | www.61655m.com | www.676285.com | www.2632b.com | www.73166c.com | www.703906.com | www.3479i.com | www.66376t.com | www.638809.com | www.575hc.com | www.26299l.com | www.357477.com | www.88266c.com | www.98599.cc | www.73166f.com | www.570323.com | www.fh6116.com | www.51331j.com | www.097928.com | www.636220.com | www.ya099.com | www.35918c.com | www.80065n.com | www.508869.com | www.hcw823.com | www.3416j.com | www.91233t.com | www.171880.com | www.599424.com | www.cf9903.com | www.2632q.com | www.68682c.com | www.73736e.com | www.523780.com | www.640118.com | www.979738.com | www.662by.com | www.53539.cc | www.81233b.com | www.61233m.com | www.171109.com | www.444067.com | www.672766.com | www.912453.com | www.gyfc2.com | www.9889hc.com | www.6832o.com | www.33112g.com | www.81233s.com | www.35918u.com | www.77803c.com | www.101377.com | www.223065.com | www.369053.com | www.520462.com | www.610829.com | www.701549.com | www.810525.com | www.904820.com | www.bxcp3.com | www.983699.com | www.959557.com | www.957806.com | www.949407.com | www.938901.com | www.898364.com | www.711895.com | www.583877.com | www.407870.com |