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  • 首頁>裝飾藝術品>木器藝術>詳情
    花樣木窗 一戶之景的藝術
    2018-07-02 15:36:17 來源:古建中國  作者:佚名  責任編輯:劉海旺

      自古以來,窗在建筑中都充當著極其重要的角色。建筑結構中木材是主要的原料,而窗是建筑中不可分割的一部分,在漫長的歷史長河中,木窗早已擺脫它本身的定義,作為傳統建筑中的重要組成部分,它更多的是表現著中國的傳統思想。

    木窗

    木窗

      1、古代傳統木窗

      古代木窗代表的是文化的沉淀。窗的出現可以追溯到原始社會。那時的窗功能僅僅是最基本的幾項:采光、通風、排煙等等。而后隨著人類生產力的發展,對窗的需求不僅僅只表現在幾項基本功能。到了漢代方形、長方形和圓形的木窗接連出現,隨后慢慢給木床添加了裝飾的功能。

      隋唐時期的木窗是直棱窗,元代以后的木窗可開啟。到了明清,可謂是木窗的鼎盛時期。各種形制,裝飾繁雜的木窗出現在人們的生活中。經過了各個階段的木窗,功能從簡單的通風采光功能逐漸衍生到歲月賦予它歷史、文化和藝術的氣息。

    木窗

    木窗雕花

      2、現代簡化木窗

      現代木窗代表的是節能的初步探索。明清一過,鼎盛消退。多年的戰亂過后,國家經濟薄弱。傳統文化在民間的影響力減弱,“多、快、好、省”成了主流。傳統木窗被簡化,復雜的裝飾特征被去除。這時的木窗更注重簡單、實用。而門窗新材料的出現,給了木質窗沉重的一擊。空腹鋼窗、彩色鋼板窗、鋁合金窗、塑鋼窗等等。逐漸的進入了人們的生活,基本取代了木窗。

    木窗

    當代木窗

      3、當代新型木窗

      當代門窗代表的是綠色的回歸!2013年1月1日,北京正式實施了《居住建筑節能設計標準》。在現代精良的制作工藝前提下,木窗獨有的性能又開始在門窗領域嶄露頭角。優異的保溫性能、良好的裝飾性和較高的性價比是其他材料窗制品所不具備的。另外,木材可以給人溫馨、自然、淳樸的感受。作為中國傳統的天然材料,木材在整個建筑和室內外裝修所占有的地位是無法代替的。

    木窗

    古代木窗

      總而言之,中國古代建筑的戶牖不僅體現了封建社會的等級制度和禮制觀念,而且注重建筑通風散氣、采光照明的功能,可謂在世界建筑史上是絕無僅有的。充分說明極為豐厚的文化內涵,也形成了中國古建筑戶牑發展史上的不可或缺的重要部分。

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