• <blockquote id="a6osq"></blockquote>
    <samp id="a6osq"></samp>
  • <xmp id="a6osq">
  • <label id="a6osq"><sup id="a6osq"></sup></label>
  • <samp id="a6osq"></samp>
  • 首頁>古建百科>古建微觀>詳情
    馬頭墻|青磚配小瓦 延伸出來的美麗
    2018-09-12 15:54:14 來源:古建中國  作者:佚名  責任編輯:王艷

    黑和白,化作徽州的滄桑,讓徽州的號脈顯得古樸而又蒼茫。這是屬于徽州的印象,然而徽州的印象不只是黑白的渾厚,還有那點綠的溫馨,因為,黑是家的瓦,白是家的墻,在墻的里頭,是徽州人的生活故事。

    馬頭墻

     

      馬頭墻,又稱風火墻、封火墻、放火墻等,特指高于兩山墻屋面的墻垣,也就是山墻的墻頂部分,因形狀酷似馬頭,故稱“馬頭墻”。古建筑中屋面以中間橫向正脊為界分前后兩面坡,左右兩面山墻或與屋面平齊,或高出屋面,使用馬頭墻時,兩側山墻高出屋面,并循屋頂坡度迭落呈水平階梯形,而不像一般所見的山墻,上面是等腰三角形,下面是長方形。

      馬頭墻高低錯落,從外形看頗具風格,因而不僅是中國南方徽派建筑常用格式之一,也是徽派建筑的重要造型特色,曾有“青磚小瓦馬頭墻,回廊掛落花格窗”之說,用以概括明清徽派建筑風格。一般來說,優美的馬頭墻多見于徽州鄉村,而在繁華的都市中,馬頭墻則極為非常難得和珍貴。

    馬頭墻

    黑白輝映的馬頭墻

      馬頭墻的作用與寓意

      徽州民居的山墻之所以采取這種形式,主要是因為在聚族而居的村落中,民居建筑密度較大,不利于防火的矛盾比較突出,火災發生時,火勢容易順房蔓延。而在居宅的兩山墻頂部砌筑有高出屋面的馬頭墻,則可以應村落房屋密集防火、防風之需,在相鄰民居發生火災的情況下,起著隔斷火源的作用。久而久之,就形成一種特殊風格。而在古代,徽州男子十二三歲便背井離鄉踏上商路,馬頭墻是家人們望遠盼歸的物化象征,現在看到這種錯落有致,黑白輝映的馬頭墻,也會使人得到一種明朗素雅和層次分明的韻律美的享受。

      馬在眾多的動物中,可以稱得上是一種吉祥物,中國古代“一馬當先、馬到成功、汗馬功勞”等成語,顯現出人們對馬的崇拜與喜愛,這也許是古徽州建筑設計師們為什么要將這種封火墻,稱之為“馬頭墻”的動機。看到這些馬頭墻,人們常常會為徽派建筑設計師們那種高超的藝術創造力而驚嘆,徽派民居,高大封閉的墻體,因為馬頭墻設計而顯得錯落有致,那靜止、呆板的墻體,因為有了馬頭墻,從而顯出一種動態的美感。而從高處往上看,聚族而居的村落中,高低起伏的馬頭墻,給人視覺產生一種“萬馬奔騰”動感,也隱喻著整個宗族生氣勃勃,興旺發達。

    馬頭墻

    徽派民居·馬頭墻

      馬頭墻的分類與構造

      馬頭墻墻頭都高出于屋頂,輪廓作階梯狀,脊檐長短隨著房屋的進深而變化,多檐變化的馬頭墻在江南民居中廣泛地被采用,有一階、二階、三階、四階之分,也可稱為一疊式、兩疊式、三疊式、四疊式,通常三階、四階更常見,較大的民居,因有前后廳,馬頭墻的疊數可多至五疊,俗稱“五岳朝天”。磚墻墻面以白灰粉刷,墻頭覆以青瓦兩坡墻檐,白墻青瓦,明朗而雅素。

      馬頭墻的構造為,隨屋面坡度層層迭落,以斜坡長度定為若干檔,墻頂挑三線排檐磚,上覆以小青瓦,并在每只垛頭頂端安裝搏風板(金花板)。其上安各種蘇樣“座頭”(“馬頭”),有“鵲尾式”、“印斗式”、“坐吻式”等數種。“鵲尾式”即雕鑿一似喜鵲尾巴的磚做為座頭;“印斗式”即由窯燒制有“田”字紋的形似方斗之磚,但在印斗托的處理上又有“坐斗”與“挑斗”兩種做法;“坐吻式”是由窯燒“吻獸”構件安在座頭上,常見有哺雞、鰲魚、天狗等獸類。也有“金印式”或“朝笏式”,顯示出主人對“讀書作官”這一理想的追求。

    古建風采
    古建檔案
    分支機構 更多
    熱門點擊
    ? 蚂蚁彩票 www.39459.cc | www.c6712.com | www.636309.com | www.80075e.com | www.23040.com | www.193195.com | www.21202l.com | www.862422.com | www.77803b.com | www.3416r.com | www.558363.com | www.7782j.com | www.341077.com | www.86079.cc | www.196046.com | www.7116b.com | www.560259.com | www.8000hc.com | www.196902.com | www.00ckb.com | www.356686.com | www.43818w.com | www.420421.com | www.66082.cc | www.hcw332.com | www.hm7388.com | www.78949i.com | www.cszb9.com | www.68682b.com | www.743966.com | www.8039w.com | www.77210f.com | www.am6543.com | www.16878k.com | www.611026.com | www.9478n.com | www.083016.com | www.923599.com | www.35918k.com | www.206881.com | www.899621.com | www.15355p.com | www.95555w.com | www.611874.com | www.622by.com | www.50026j.com | www.717671.com | www.8000hc.com | www.71233x.com | www.574277.com | www.sygj5.com | www.95555w.com | www.288472.com | www.849642.com | www.9356i.com | www.81233e.com | www.512477.com | www.996099.com | www.9889hc.com | www.26299p.com | www.431016.com | www.898364.com | www.3126x.com | www.26299m.com | www.87668n.com | www.330687.com | www.647577.com | www.tctx6.com | www.126ll.com | www.3933k.cc | www.983jc.com | www.6364v.com | www.26878z.com | www.60007a.com | www.77803k.com | www.77803y.com | www.090040.com | www.023128.com | www.193629.com | www.106576.com | www.98528f.com | www.257512.com | www.160326.com | www.81678o.com | www.025517.com | www.78949u.com | www.68682t.com | www.43818t.com | www.50080a.com | www.35918c.com | www.50051c.com | www.691663.com | www.611949.com | www.57578d.com | www.62118f.com | www.00840p.com | www.810355.com | www.50080j.com | www.22fzc.com | www.504077.com | www.97655d.com | www.983699.com | www.156050.com | www.3933m.cc | www.77djcp.com | www.5854o.cc | www.354911.com | www.71595.com | www.611949.com | www.73166j.com | www.921677.com | www.50732t.com | www.hf5882.com | www.80065o.com | www.ovfd2.com | www.170882.com | www.3890f.com | www.349077.com | www.0014q.com | www.223075.com | www.81gcw.com | www.178761.com | www.004ac.com | www.55228a.com | www.rrle3.com | www.55228a.com | www.897743.com | www.80767d.com | www.530629.com | www.6832g.com | www.78700g.com | www.919725.com | www.35918i.com | www.599842.com | www.9818f.cc | www.61655w.com | www.599399.com | www.9889hc.com | www.83993m.com | www.938905.com | www.81520f.com | www.367474.com | www.318548.com | www.50054k.com | www.246841.com | www.843933.com | www.53536.cc | www.33598l.com | www.444083.com | www.fyyy2.com | www.35918g.com | www.96386w.com | www.684944.com | www.982jc.com | www.43818g.com | www.314577.com | www.949430.com | www.29039.cc | www.08588j.com | www.209983.com | www.723035.com | www.696by.com | www.84499q.com | www.191380.com | www.586960.com | www.cp3136.com | www.888xm.cc | www.11gpc.com | www.3933f.cc | www.3126r.com | www.81233n.com | www.60108e.com | www.095069.com | www.376513.com | www.657630.com | www.953500.com | www.11clf.com | www.8667v.com | www.87668d.com | www.61655j.com | www.073552.com | www.178753.com | www.431506.com | www.560671.com | www.572899.com | www.lcw997.com | www.713799.com | www.812680.com | www.770935.com | www.916370.com | www.931518.com | www.c1959.com | www.qmkl9.com | www.070wy.com | www.022s.cc | www.22dwj.com | www.hjin4.com | www.lycp883.com | www.rrle2.com | www.cpkk.com | www.846661.com | www.702309.com | www.701546.com | www.lcw997.com | www.444216.com | www.332037.com | www.040431.com | www.66332i.com | www.35918f.com | www.bxcp3.com | www.52072r.com | www.9356l.com | www.074wy.com | www.igcp9.com | www.677879.com | www.399160.com | www.88266x.com | www.26299e.com | www.34788z.com | www.1555hc.com | www.926013.com | www.548211.com | www.118428.com | www.32123j.com | www.37439.cc | www.903588.com | www.hcw332.com | www.83993j.com | www.50080j.com | www.w593.com | www.535666e.com | www.61233q.com | www.41518x.com | www.88jcw.com | www.631799.com | www.103635.com | www.50051q.com | www.445888a.com | www.549677.com | www.57578a.com | www.9356x.com | www.hcw332.com | www.hcw887.com | www.35155q.com | www.950606.com | www.105886.com | www.21202m.com | www.796786.com | www.80767g.com | www.3005.am | www.665992.com | www.80075q.com | www.5441n.com | www.680352.com | www.68682f.com | www.064wy.com | www.512411.com | www.89894z.com | www.933661.com | www.80065c.com | www.095wy.com | www.547577.com | www.66332g.com | www.565378.com | www.50788p.com | www.318548.com | www.68682b.com | www.sjgc5.com | www.87668g.com | www.ya033.com | www.lcw199.com | www.371u.cc | www.083065.com | www.544bb.cc | www.54400v.com | www.c1350.com | www.71233m.com | www.cp701.vip | www.71233c.com | www.hy2733.com | www.50024d.com | www.732779.com | www.50080w.com | www.553079.com | www.5086x.com | www.317097.com | www.622by.com | www.73166d.com | www.874110.com | www.61655q.com | www.yc7701.com | www.9889hc.com | www.73736e.com | www.808482.com | www.54400r.com | www.375939.com | www.3tdc.com | www.52072p.com | www.yc7701.com | www.hycb8.com | www.95222w.com | www.330637.com | www.996745.com | www.44050.cc | www.26163l.com | www.444539.com | www.c9664.com | www.39500b.com | www.96386v.com | www.594277.com | www.fz34.com | www.8499p.com | www.68682a.com | www.550637.com | www.915776.com | www.3478l.cc | www.65707x.com | www.77802q.com | www.431016.com | www.809215.com | www.544aa.cc | www.9311c.com | www.35918k.com | www.237344.com | www.lcw997.com | www.hx6692.com | www.9205g.com | www.65707z.com | www.66652d.com | www.196037.com | www.550207.com | www.725102.com | www.959079.com | www.063wy.com | www.fh7557.com | www.07163f.com | www.89894t.com | www.50788n.com | www.78949v.com | www.150881.com | www.xinyc1.com | www.394277.com | www.591411.com | www.730979.com | www.lcw199.com | www.973390.com | www.lczg6.com | www.bxcp3.com | www.756586.com | www.803402.com | www.874110.com | www.895594.com | www.933709.com | www.828165.com | www.846631.com | www.716866.com | www.669634.com | www.619477.com | www.596608.com | www.485648.com | www.473552.com | www.210613.com | www.026079.com | www.54400l.com | www.26878b.com | www.39500g.com | www.5091p.com | www.1555hc.com | www.clh1.com | www.636309.com | www.498166.com | www.087069.com | www.60007f.com | www.36788d.com | www.5095p.com | www.gy1.com | www.wcp666888.com | www.550263.com | www.160886.com | www.34788y.com | www.06500w.com | www.ywzuqiu.com | www.826552.com | www.314077.com | www.50732m.com | www.8667t.com | www.978137.com | www.567610.com | www.108057.com | www.88266x.com | www.3890e.com | www.wcp686.com | www.343133.com | www.26878e.com | www.015ac.com | www.91233k.com | www.50024h.com | www.hx1115.com | www.506969.com | www.41518l.com | www.696by.com | www.607315.com | www.65707s.com | www.022s.cc | www.631257.com | www.52303f.com | www.8000hc.com | www.577369.com | www.51515a.com | www.126xc.com | www.488018.com | www.54400s.com | www.812680.com | www.49956l.com | www.sxyl6.com | www.m.cjcp200.com | www.08299.com | www.bxcp3333.com | www.81678x.com | www.897060.com | www.61233x.com | www.df94.com | www.68682k.com | www.gyfc1.com | www.54968f.com | www.093wy.com | www.072211.com | www.977hf.com | www.301667.com | www.3479e.com | www.303853.com | www.781566.com | www.318548.com | www.588yc.com | www.399210.com | www.2632f.com | www.346511.com | www.277ak.com | www.196109.com | www.ya099.com | www.57578f.com | www.890751.com | www.65707k.com | www.501237.com | www.3479aa.com | www.81678j.com | www.917699.com | www.66332b.com | www.376477.com | www.76gcw.com | www.50026p.com | www.616144.com | www.0014g.com | www.66332z.com | www.690477.com | www.5522s.cc | www.50024d.com | www.574577.com | www.091wy.com | www.50054o.com | www.560529.com | www.15czj.com | www.998855k.com | www.377615.com | www.179012.com | www.29277f.com | www.80075o.com | www.590833.com | www.fyyy6.com | www.35155n.com | www.88858c.com | www.570477.com | www.hcjt6.com | www.26878l.com | www.78949g.com | www.377823.com | www.901582.com | www.528qx.com | www.65707p.com | www.86267d.com | www.451956.com | www.896950.com | www.23040.com | www.66870.cc | www.73166g.com | www.66598b.com | www.187512.com | www.540707.com | www.810877.com | www.c5235.com | www.085wy.com | www.61233pp.com | www.07163y.com | www.66332m.com | www.177888.com | www.369062.com | www.602434.com | www.775730.com | www.973776.com | www.hy5755.com | www.35wcp.com | www.663by.com | www.913gc.com | www.3552q.com | www.cll168.com | www.9818i.cc | www.3478f.cc | www.m.55xj.vip | www.444hy.cc | www.11clf.com | www.ya658.com | www.chi59.com | www.37to.com | www.hw8889.com | www.c7238.com | www.976506.com | www.904820.com | www.732400.com | www.652162.com | www.562602.com | www.379802.com | www.301871.com | www.106167.com | www.66653s.com | www.41518z.com | www.61655x.com | www.75353.cc | www.uucp300.com | www.hr9888.com | www.805357.com | www.540977.com | www.175969.com | www.52303v.com | www.61655r.com | www.3416e.com | www.hw4444.com | www.701540.com | www.296676.com | www.66376x.com | www.50051p.com | www.bxcp3.com | www.837772.com | www.393121.com | www.68568d.com | www.35155z.com | www.bxcp3333.com | www.669308.com | www.m.cjcp200.com | www.33997y.com | www.6769r.com | www.937160.com | www.330297.com | www.21202q.com | www.448h.com | www.566897.com | www.61655q.com | www.5095k.com | www.800986.com | www.163770.com | www.32123j.com | www.978960.com | www.326366.com | www.75538d.com | www.cp7836.com | www.250756.com | www.49956f.com | www.933771.com | www.fh7557.com | www.9928e.com | www.le33.cc | www.54400q.com | www.66czj.com | www.357256.com | www.50024l.com | www.816142.com | www.51515b.com | www.le53.com | www.99677c.com | www.2373j.com | www.550247.com | www.61655j.com | www.816464.com | www.50074f.com | www.gyfc9.com | www.178339.com | www.3126q.com | www.394311.com | www.9928f.com | www.526197.com | www.16878y.com | www.547377.com | www.76762.cc | www.331215.com | www.2632q.com | www.237944.com | www.bxcp3.com | www.118428.com | www.w931.com | www.50788w.com | www.898364.com | www.78949n.com | www.595953.com | www.9155c.com | www.316477.com | www.983jc.com | www.bxcp3.com | www.996863.com | www.15355hh.com | www.585277.com | www.3333y.cc | www.88065e.com | www.943893.com | www.77803m.com | www.374311.com | www.38wcp.com | www.50026n.com | www.lcw997.com | www.9818n.cc | www.78949r.com | www.756997.com | www.5095w.com | www.77802z.com | www.767200.com | www.5091p.com | www.66653p.com | www.xinyc8.com | www.007hy.cc | www.96386x.com | www.393890.com | www.c2809.com | www.50080y.com | www.89894p.com | www.608587.com | www.66ckb.com | www.77210k.com | www.186759.com | www.98528i.com | www.597933.com | www.gyfc3.com | www.61411.cc | www.33588p.com | www.258015.com | www.99djcp.com | www.lycp883.com | www.49956f.com | www.65707z.com | www.339967.com | www.700590.com | www.fh7557.com | www.5854g.cc | www.52303q.com | www.55885g.com | www.217650.com | www.582062.com | www.937986.com | www.85gcw.com | www.781566.com | www.81520w.com | www.60108u.com | www.081506.com | www.332907.com | www.538699.com | www.683717.com | www.860836.com | www.998855aa.com | www.5854l.cc | www.26163s.com | www.78949s.com | www.08588b.com | www.41518h.com | www.60007n.com | www.66653k.com | www.77114g.com | www.78949n.com | www.88065e.com | www.051069.com | www.89338c.com | www.96386v.com | www.78949p.com | www.75538b.com | www.60108g.com | www.50080r.com | www.35155w.com | www.81678f.com | www.54400p.com | www.15355k.com | www.7782n.com | www.1368v.cc | www.060wy.com | www.hcjt2.com | www.799666aa.com | www.cb3188.com | www.ckb000.com | www.655021.com | www.514977.com | www.liuguan000.com | www.197092.com | www.81520o.com | www.33112a.com | www.43818b.com | www.2350z.com | www.df39.com | www.848266.com | www.548277.com | www.270667.com | www.53900a.com | www.50064c.com | www.002hy.cc | www.901381.com | www.504633.com | www.049988.com | www.97655y.com | www.3479p.com | www.983480.com | www.570831.com | www.89894s.com | www.61233m.com | www.99jtd.com | www.974091.com | www.193522.com | www.86267j.com | www.8000hc.com | www.701496.com | www.025079.com | www.50052t.com | www.12455t.com | www.66376o.com | www.5854c.cc | www.833314.com | www.183676.com | www.50732h.com | www.hy5955.com | www.rcw789.com | www.07163q.com | www.fen00.com | www.514211.com | www.34788w.com | www.106ak.com | www.544141.com | www.41518d.com | www.99jta.com | www.506731.com | www.99788p.com | www.czg1.com | www.290165.com | www.50026c.com | www.914903.com | www.84499u.com | www.255ak.com | www.496689.com | www.66332k.com | www.903029.com | www.76520w.com | www.5666hc.com | www.330732.com | www.00840p.com | www.58gc8.com | www.87668s.com | www.901593.com | www.53900g.com | www.c9661.com | www.89894d.com | www.22tdc.com | www.136052.com | www.630477.com | www.60007f.com | www.638466.com | www.54400s.com | www.609535.com | www.41518k.com | www.551549.com | www.66368.com | www.379969.com | www.3479l.com | www.336766.com | www.076wy.com | www.81678r.com | www.c134.vip | www.00840v.com | www.58gc8.com | www.50051vip.com | www.342877.com | www.tj92.com | www.77803a.com | www.901397.com | www.61655t.com | www.526901.com | www.2373o.com | www.98528g.com | www.918356.com | www.60123w.com | www.301823.com | www.hx1182.com | www.12455b.com | www.493552.com | www.55ckb.com | www.00840y.com | www.507670.com | www.w603.com | www.73736d.com | www.262771.com | www.998855aa.com | www.86267n.com | www.312522.com | www.csw288.com | www.07163q.com | www.78949c.com | www.601497.com | www.ya838.com | www.65707m.com | www.168323.com | www.711895.com | www.061wy.com | www.71233k.com | www.160881.com | www.731030.com | www.99jti.com | www.50732c.com | www.78700j.com | www.504277.com | www.966829.com | www.2109aa.com | www.66652m.com | www.77801l.com | www.332037.com | www.730678.com | www.hy5501.com | www.3933m.cc | www.66376n.com | www.81678k.com | www.301667.com | www.606865.com | www.911203.com | www.09czj.com | www.8499e.com | www.86267n.com | www.60108i.com | www.106036.com | www.344680.com | www.595601.com | www.799417.com | www.983888a.com | www.6fk.com | www.0014o.com | www.39391.cc | www.35918y.com | www.88266f.com | www.39957e.com | www.78949y.com | www.088186.com | www.223805.com | www.382780.com | www.535666e.com | www.607356.com | www.655096.com | www.djcp009.com | www.808762.com | www.809215.com | www.cp7777b.com | www.938904.com | www.809215.com | www.le33.cc | www.rcw321.com | www.763659.com | www.669268.com | www.619477.com | www.yc7701.com | www.493552.com | www.316546.com | www.178532.com | www.83033r.com | www.54400e.com | www.07163w.com | www.60007b.com | www.40484.com | www.091wy.com | www.fh2622.com | www.xcw866.com | www.763659.com | www.538578.com | www.230320.com | www.78949m.com | www.08588i.com | www.26163c.com | www.959zf.com | www.cc6769.com | www.731066.com | www.376163.com | www.81520h.com | www.81678g.com | www.cll168.com | www.ovfd2.com | www.yw373.com | www.332907.com | www.66652m.com | www.50054l.com | www.tj92.com | www.870035.com | www.371477.com | www.66332r.com | www.33598n.com | www.lfu8.com | www.587991.com | www.98528c.com | www.51515r.com | www.ban54.com | www.607599.com | www.96386i.com | www.36787f.com | www.23040.com | www.529355.com | www.60108f.com | www.3890v.com | www.lcw997.com | www.196776.com | www.60108s.com | www.hy5155.com | www.371957.com | www.86267y.com | www.qmfc1.com | www.367562.com | www.99677y.com | www.ascp3.com | www.338218.com | www.68568m.com | www.hr0888.com | www.bizhong55.com | www.66653t.com | www.987969.com | www.190163.com | www.9356n.com | www.708330.com | www.51331m.com | www.00tdc.com | www.287926.com | www.33588s.com | www.660686.com | www.25688d.com | www.996732.com | www.89338c.com | www.089wy.com | www.290282.com | www.7782y.com | www.550342.com | www.51515r.com | www.677375.com | www.81520k.com | www.802190.com | www.25688n.com | www.924377.com | www.35155j.com | www.904861.com | www.26163v.com | www.909644.com | www.25688i.com | www.868216.com | www.83993r.com | www.755910.com | www.50054c.com | www.585808.com | www.9818h.cc | www.xinyc1.com | www.267by.com | www.86267u.com | www.xinyc8.com | www.26163r.com | www.655870.com | www.81520.com | www.225779.com | www.gai06.com | www.50026u.com | www.771219.com | www.81455.com | www.202883.com | www.hr3888.com | www.98528c.com | www.527990.com | www.095wy.com | www.39500o.com | www.651012.com | www.750966.com | www.71233d.com | www.687044.com | www.5086c.com | www.79520c.com | www.775780.com | www.3933d.cc | www.52303l.com | www.596702.com | www.077wy.com | www.83033k.com | www.305644.com | www.54968f.com | www.8499l.com | www.55228a.com | www.602467.com | www.hcjt1.com | www.52303b.com | www.040423.com | www.775706.com | www.1555hc.com | www.80767m.com | www.152012.com | www.743552.com | www.an966.com | www.26878l.com | www.61655o.com | www.348177.com | www.763826.com | www.bxcp3333.com | www.25688k.com | www.39957d.com | www.210613.com | www.625069.com | www.c177.com | www.077wy.com | www.39500m.com | www.49956d.com | www.106367.com | www.453552.com | www.806375.com | www.fyyy5.com | www.022gs.cc | www.35918d.com | www.26299g.com | www.80767e.com | www.202423.com | www.504077.com | www.cjcp600.com | www.901576.com | www.df79.com | www.022hn.cc | www.cll168.com | www.20016.cc | www.49956k.com | www.99677x.com | www.43818c.com | www.78700h.com | www.022174.com | www.188712.com | www.338785.com | www.351089.com | www.422268.com | www.529979.com | www.510860.com | www.631012.com | www.558401.com | www.557595.com | www.526052.com | www.535666e.com | www.397836.com | www.351871.com | www.271902.com | www.178615.com | www.99788b.com | www.71399a.com | www.51515h.com | www.07163q.com | www.54400p.com | www.07500w.com | www.cll168.com | www.095wy.com | www.988456.vip | www.901576.com | www.652592.com | www.500231.com | www.196081.com | www.77803f.com | www.15355g.com | www.33588g.com | www.686pp.com | www.gy11.com | www.860958.com | www.602957.com | www.208780.com | www.55228j.com | www.50788l.com | www.669by.com | www.849770.com | www.495358.com |