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  • 首頁>古建百科>古建結構>詳情
    永城崇法寺塔 層層出檐仿木結構
    2018-07-19 15:42:47 來源:古建中國  作者:佚名  責任編輯:周玲

      崇法寺塔位于河南省永城市西城區,因建于崇法寺內,故名崇法寺塔。“寶塔盤云”古為永城八景之一。永城人呂永輝曾作詩贊道:“東林古寺跡仍留,七級浮屠踞上游。保障江淮稱巨鎮,屏藩梁宋護中州。”

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     崇法寺塔局部

      崇法寺整體由地宮、塔基、塔身、塔剎四部分組成。崇法寺地宮呈方形,頂作藻井,地宮中央磚砌蓮花依柱棺床,上置長方形石函,惜地宮被盜一空,在后人清理過程中才見地宮真面目。

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    塔身疊澀

      塔基座內裝木骨,上承寶塔,下護地宮,堅實而穩固,與塔身、塔剎組成了和諧莊嚴、高雅的統一體,堪稱樓閣式古塔的精品。塔身為磚砌樓閣式,八角九層,青磚迭砌仿木結構,層層出檐,逐層內收,每層外壁轉角有磚制仿木園柱,外檐建仿木鏤空圍欄,增強了美感,表現了多變的輪廓。塔檐是由蓮花瓣石疊砌而成,平座用斗拱承托,顯得層層疊疊,極富裝飾性。

      塔檐是由蓮花瓣石疊砌而成,平座用斗拱承托,顯得層層疊疊,極富裝飾性。挑檐角配以石雕龍頭,口銜風鐸,微風吹動,叮咚作響,使人心曠神怡,寵辱皆忘。

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    崇法寺塔·塔基結構

      最頂端為塔剎,由金屬覦成,塔尖高指云際。緊連剎身的是傘蓋,接下來上小下大的七個相輪由中心剎桿穿套支撐,塔剎下部是金屬剎基,由剎桿穿過剎基與古塔相接連成一體。

      塔底層有地宮,內有棺床,石匣。塔底北門有青石走道直至塔頂。內壁鑲有深綠色琉璃佛像磚651塊,構圖為一佛兩菩薩。它是我國古代轉塔建筑藝術的代表之作。 

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     崇法寺塔·塔剎

      崇法寺塔歷經900余年,風雨剝蝕,明清雖經幾次修復,仍有破損,清末遭雷擊留有裂縫,1938年又遭日軍炮擊,殘存8層,高28.9米。經過大修恢復了原貌,并增裝了避雷針,重新展現了我國古代高層建筑藝術的高超和勞動人民的聰明才智。

      2002年崇法寺舊址作為佛教活動的場所正式開放,4月29日舉行山門殿奠基法會,千年古剎又重放光輝。2006年05月25日,崇法寺塔作為宋代古建筑,被國務院批準列入第六批全國重點文物保護單位名單。

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