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  • 首頁>古建百科>古建風水>詳情
    謎一樣的天下第一村 風水真的可以改變命運嗎?
    2018-08-20 16:17:40 來源:古建中國  作者:佚名  責任編輯:王艷

    中國人幾千年來都在追尋“天人合一”的人居理想,強調人與自然的融合,這一點,在中國的古村落當中體現得最為明顯。幾乎所有中國的古村落在選址、規劃和布局當中都十分注意風水的因素:靠山即“龍脈”所在,前為“朱雀”,后為“玄武”,左右分別為“青龍”、“白虎”,有山有水,山勢圍合,形成一個藏風聚氣的獨立空間。如果你學會用風水這把鑰匙打開古村落文化景觀的大門,展現在你面前的必將是一方神奇的天地。

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    張谷英村

      張谷英村,屬湖南省岳陽市岳陽縣張谷英鎮,位于岳陽縣以東的渭洞筆架山下,專家認為,張谷英村建筑規模之大,建筑風格之奇,建筑藝術之美,堪稱"天下第一村",至今已存在500多年。保留1700多座明清建筑。

      相傳明代洪武年間,江西人張谷英沿幕阜山脈西行至渭洞,見這里層山環繞,形成一塊盆地,自然環境優美,頓生在此定居的念頭。張谷英是位風水先生,他經過細致勘測后,選擇了這塊宅地,便大興土木,繁衍生息,張谷英村由此而得名。張谷英村幾經滄桑,基本上保留了原狀。比較完整的門庭有“上新層”、“石大門”、“潘家沖”三棟。

      當大門”是張谷英大屋中最先建造的一幢建筑,由張谷英的第6代孫張伏層修建。“當大門”對著獅山與象山,風水上叫“獅象把門”,據說能起到藏風聚氣的效果。

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    當大門

      風水遷徙

      張谷英村的選址很有講究,它體現了中國傳統文化“天人合一”的思想。五百里幕阜山綿延至此,突起的三座山丘,像一朵花瓣,把張谷英村環抱在花芯當中。張谷英村北面的龍形山就是風水上所說的“龍脈”集結之地。傳說,張谷英村的地點是在明代洪武年間由始祖張谷英選定的,張谷英與另外兩個結拜兄弟從江西結伴來到渭洞山區,見這里山氣氤氳,樹木蔥蘢,于是決定在此擇地定居。三兄弟中的張谷英分到了一塊主“人丁興旺”的風水寶地。現在村子里住著2600多人,都是始祖張谷英的后代。

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      “巨龍戲珠”的風水結構圖

      張谷英村建在龍形山腳下,龍形山昂首向東南,逶迤向西北擺尾,它的兩側各有一條小溪,在“龍頭”的前方匯合。恰巧龍頭正前方百米開外有一塊直徑約3米的天然巨石,被當地人稱為“龍珠”。“當大門”的前面原來有溪水流過,溪上建有兩座八字形石橋,被稱為“龍須”。這樣,“龍頭”、“龍須”、“龍珠”齊全,從而構成了張谷英村“巨龍戲珠”的風水格局。不過現在溪水改道,兩座小橋已經沒有了。

      渭溪河水貫穿張谷英全村,在人家門前緩緩流過,形似玉帶。在村民們眼里,這溪水是吉祥的象征(上)。在張谷英村,許多房屋的屋頂都是連著的,整個村子就像是一間碩大無比的屋子一樣。村子里天井隨處可見,用來匯水和采光。有的天井中間還有一個圓形凹孔,被當地人看成是“天地一體,造化陰陽”之所在。

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