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  • 首頁>古建百科>古建風水>詳情
    以“七星八斗”的思想進行規劃設計的古老村落
    2018-08-15 13:19:33 來源:古建中國  作者:佚名  責任編輯:王艷

    唐代詩人孟浩然有首詩“臥聞海潮至,起視江月斜,借問同舟客,何時至永嘉?”,一首詩里就流淌著一條江水。永嘉楠溪江畔不僅秀水奇山、地靈人杰,風光優美,而且文人輩出,自古就有“東南鄒魯”、“溪山鄒魯”之譽。

    以“七星八斗”的思想進行規劃設計的古老村落

    芙蓉古村

      2009年,楠溪江古村落整體被授予國內唯一“中國景觀古村落群”稱號,其中芙蓉村、埭頭村、嶼北村等入選中國景觀村落名錄,芙蓉村古建筑群也被列為全國重點文物保護單位。

      芙蓉古村地處溫州市永嘉縣巖頭鎮南仙清公路西側,是一座始建于唐代末年的大型村寨,為陳姓聚居之地。芙蓉村中本無芙蓉,因其西南山上有三座高崖,其色白里透紅,狀如三朵含苞待放之芙蓉,因而得名。

    以“七星八斗”的思想進行規劃設計的古老村落

    古村建筑

      芙蓉村是楠溪江沿岸各村落中歷史最悠久的。與蒼坡村以“文房四寶”來布局相仿,芙蓉村在建筑的布局上也很有講究。整個村落坐西朝東,呈正方形,按照天上星宿與地上人間相對應的觀念,以“七星八斗”的思想進行規劃設計,卵石砌成的寨墻,使得整個村莊猶如一座小城堡。東面寨墻正中開一寨門,兩邊稍遠處開二小門,寨門為磚木結構,兩側有磚砌圍墻相連,整個寨門保存的比較完全。

      踏進古村,仿佛時光開始交錯,一不小心,一個踉蹌,就埋在了歷史的歲月里。從正門進入村寨,迎面既是卵石筑成的主街,名叫“如意街”,取吉祥如意之意。整個村子的道路基本都是用大小不同的鵝卵石鋪制而成,被幾百年先人們的足跡磨得圓潤光滑。

    以“七星八斗”的思想進行規劃設計的古老村落

    古村內景水街景色

      “星”指的是道路交匯處的方形平臺,“斗”則是水渠交匯處的方形水池。“七星”呈翼軫分布,“八斗”則為八卦形分布,阡陌交通,水系縱橫,形成了一個完整的體系。“七星八斗”布局美觀,也隱喻了村寨上可納天上星宿,下可佑子孫人才輩出,如繁星璀璨的美好心愿。

      除此之外,“七星八斗”格局的實用性也很強。平日里,“星”用來張貼發布各種消息,“斗”則用于儲存生活用水;如果發生戰爭,“星”就是最好的指揮臺,而“斗”不僅為村民堅守村落提供了儲水保障,還可以防備敵人實施火攻,加上環村建有一人多高的卵石圍墻,整個村莊猶如一座小城堡,防備一般盜匪綽綽有余,足見芙蓉村的先民們在建造村莊時煞費苦心,而村民們之所以會儲水以克火攻,也是由于村莊曾有被火焚的慘痛經歷。

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