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  • 首頁>古建風采>宗教文化>詳情
    寺廟門檻為什么不能踩?有什么講究?
    2018-05-03 10:25:48 來源:古建中國  作者:佚名  責任編輯:倉海霞

      凡去過寺廟的人們都會發現,佛教寺廟的門檻很高。當然不只是因為怕人們把門檻踩壞這樣簡單的原因才將佛教寺廟的門檻修的那么高。佛教寺廟的門檻之所以修得高,是因為其中蘊含深刻的意義。

    寺院門檻為什么不能踩?有什么講究?

    門檻

      首先說選門進,寺廟建筑都有許多道門,從哪一道門進入都有講究的。據說只有開了光的寺廟才有資格修十三道門。正中間的三道門,才是供人出入的。普通游客,進門只能走右邊的那道門,中間那道門叫空門,只有出家人才可以出入的。

      進門時,女客先邁右腳,男客先邁左腳,都要注意,一定不能踩在門檻上,而且這步子,需邁得越大越好。

    寺院門檻為什么不能踩?有什么講究?

    跨門檻

      對門檻的一般認識

      門檻兒也稱門坎兒、門欄兒,橫伏于門口兒,其作用有二,一是防雨水潑入,二是防風從下灌入。邁進去,退出來,給人一種家里家外的感覺,它是內外區域的界線。應當說現在人們居家過日子,門檻兒沒有那么多的象征意義,出出進進,跨一跨門檻兒,是件很平常的事情。但在過去,對門檻兒的認識卻是很不一般的,也有不少講究。

    寺院門檻為什么不能踩?有什么講究?

    古建風俗·忌踩門檻

      門檻不一般的講究

      1、忌踩門檻這一風俗始于先秦時期,那時臣子門出入君主的門戶時,不能踩著門檻,只能側身而行。門檻往往是地位尊卑之分,之所以在先秦時期有這種風俗,是君臣禮儀。之后,演變為家族地位的高低。

      2、是門檻兒具有遮擋污物和避邪的作用,門口橫上一道門檻兒,象征著豎立一道墻,將一切不好的東西擋門外,特別是要把那些鬼怪拒之門外,以保一家人的平安幸福。

      3、實際上門檻的木枋在過去,與房梁正頂的主枋同材。即一根木枋分正梁、門檻。正梁有鎮宅護平安的“效用”,那根木枋有被地輿風水先生施過法。

      4、有人說門檻是祖宗的脖子,不能踩,否則表示不敬。

      5、還有一種說法認為:門檻是當家人的脖子,是當家人的頭,所以有一說是:忌踩門檻忌坐斗。

      6、傳說踩門檻是會壞自家的風水。沖撞了家神(一些地區的民俗中認為各家都有保護神)。忌踩門檻這一風俗一直延續到清朝…

    寺院門檻為什么不能踩?有什么講究?

    寺廟門檻

      廟里的門檻更講究

      凡去過寺廟的人們都會發現,佛教寺廟的門檻很高。當然不只是因為怕人們把門檻踩壞這樣簡單的原因才將佛教寺廟的門檻修的那么高。佛教寺廟的門檻之所以修得高,是因為其中蘊含深刻的意義。只要你跨入了這道門檻,便將塵世的凡俗拋在了身后,你就會以一顆純凈向善的心來感受這佛祖腳下的莊嚴和神圣。寺廟的門檻是不能踩的,因為佛祖是很忌諱腳的,認為那是骯臟之物。

      踩寺院里的門檻是為不敬,要下地獄,為了人們或因為不小心踩到門檻,所以寺院里的門檻都是很高的。佛教中有一種說法說是寺廟的門檻是釋迦摩尼的雙肩,踩了門檻便是對佛祖的不敬。另外還有類似的傳說認為寺廟的門檻是佛祖的額頭,踩了視為對佛祖不敬,要受到懲罰。

      還有一種說法是凡是年代久遠一些的古宅,或者是說過去的有錢人家的老房子都是門檻很高的,而現在的寺院呢,又多是過去留下來的或是仿古建造的。因此,寺院的門檻都會很高。但這種說法似乎因為缺乏與佛教淵源相聯系的內涵而不為人們所信服。

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